Examine the figure given below.
In this project network diagram, what is the total float for Activity I?
The float for Activity I is three days. The early start for Activity I is Day 17 and the late start for
Activity I is Day 20. Therefore, the difference of
the early start and the late start reveals the float as three days. It is possible, and acceptable, to use
the difference of the early finish and the late finish to find the float, as the value will be the same
amount. Answer options B, D, and C are incorrect. These are not the valid calculation for the total
Fill in the blank with the appropriate word. When activities are logically linked, they become the .
Explanation: An activity is an individual element of work that is logically linked to other activities to
form the schedule. Its primary characteristics include an overall duration based upon the resources
applied to it (manpower, material, and equipment), as well as a start and
completion date that is tied to a work calendar. It also has a relationship with other activities
(predecessors and successors).
What project management plan will document the time frame and frequency for the distribution of
The project's Communications Management Plan defines what information will be distributed, when
it will be distributed, to whom it will be
distributed, and the modality of the information.
Answer option D is incorrect. The Schedule Management Plan defines the project work, when the
project work will happen, resource
utilization, and how the schedule will be monitored and controlled.
Answer option C is incorrect. There is a stakeholder management strategy, but not a Stakeholder
Answer option A is incorrect. The project's Scope Management Plan defines how the scope will be
created, how the changes will be allowed,
how the scope will be executed, monitored and controlled, and finally closed.
Beth is the project manager of the KJH project. Sarah is Beth's administrative assistant and Ben is the
project team leader. Beth's project has eight virtual teams throughout the world that will be working
on the activities relevant to the deliverables in their locales. Thomas, the project sponsor, has told
Beth that he is to be kept abreast of all communication between her project and the stakeholders. In
this project, who is the lead person responsible for communication with all stakeholders?
Beth, the project manager, is responsible for communication with all stakeholders. According to the
PMBOK, the project manager occupies the
center of the interactions between stakeholders and the project itself.
Answer option B is incorrect. Sarah may help with the communications, but she is not responsible
for the communications.
Answer option A is incorrect. Thomas, the project sponsor, just needs to be kept abreast of the
Answer option C is incorrect. The project team leaders for the virtual sites are not responsible for
communicating with the project
You have been hired as a contract project manager for Tech Perfect Inc. The project has already been
started. Sufficient details of the project have already been structured. You are working with your
team for cost estimation of the project. Which of the following estimating techniques will you use
for the highest degree of accuracy?
Explanation: According to the question, you have to use the estimating technique that has a higher
degree of accuracy. The most accurate estimating
technique is bottom-up estimating.
What is bottom-up estimating?
Bottom-up is a cost estimating technique that involves estimating the cost of individual work
packages or schedule
activities with the lowest level of detail. The detailed cost is rolled up (or summarized) to higher
levels for total project
estimates. This summarized data is very useful for reporting and tracking purposes. Bottom-up
estimating provides a
higher degree of accuracy, provided the estimates at the work package level are accurate.
Answer options C, A, and B are incorrect. Parametric modeling and analogous estimating techniques
use top-down estimation model. These
are less accurate than the bottom-up estimation.
What is analogous estimating?
Analogous is an estimating technique that uses the values of parameter, such as scope, cost, budget,
and duration or
measures of scale such as size, weight, and complexity from a previous, similar activity as the basis
for estimation of the
same parameter for a future activity. It is a top-down estimating technique and is a form of expert
judgment. It provides a
lower degree of accuracy than other estimating techniques. This technique is primarily used when
there is a limited amount
of detailed information about the project or program.
What is parametric modeling?
Parametric modeling is an estimating technique that uses parameters, or project characteristics, to
forecast project costs.
It involves a top-down approach and is similar but more accurate than analogous estimating. It uses
historical data and
other variables to calculate an estimate for activity parameters, such as scope, cost, budget, and
Which of the following provides a method to track project progress during project execution against
what was planned?
Explanation: A schedule baseline provides a method to track project progress during project
execution against what was planned.
What is schedule baseline?
Schedule baseline is a project schedule used in measuring project progress. It helps provide a
comparison with the actual
progress of work against the schedule and to determine if performance to date is within acceptable
change caused by change in scope of the project invalidates the original schedule and requires a new
Answer options D, A, and B are incorrect. A detailed project budget, team members profile, and
benefit-cost ratio will not help you track
What is BCR?
A benefit-cost ratio (BCR) is an indicator, used in the formal discipline of cost-benefit analysis, that
attempts to summarize
the overall value for money of a project or proposal. A BCR is the ratio of the benefits of a project or
proposal, expressed in
monetary terms, relative to its costs, also expressed in monetary terms. All benefits and costs should
be expressed in
discounted present values. For e.g., a BCR of $3.8 indicates a payback of $3.8 for each dollar
Mary is the project manager of the H1QZ Project. This project is a subproject of the HQZ Project and
the project schedule is fixed and cannot vary. Stephen, a project team member, reports that he's
having trouble completing his project assignment and will likely be at least two days late. Examine
the figure given below:
If Stephen's assignment is Activity B, what impact will his two days of lateness have on the project
A. The project will complete on time.
B. The project will be late by one day.
C. The project will be late by two days.
D. The project will be early by two days.
You are the project manager for your organization. You are working with your project team to create
the schedule baseline for your project. You will also be creating the schedule data for this project.
The schedule data typically includes all of the following except for which one?
Explanation: Risk activities are not part of the schedule data. Risk is documented in the risk register,
and monitored and controlled throughout the project.
In some instances, risk may be part of the activity attributes. The schedule data includes the
schedule milestones, schedule activities, activity
attributes, and the assumptions and constraints.
The schedule data includes the schedule activities, schedule milestones, activity attributes, and
documentation of all known assumptions and
constraints. The sum of additional data varies by application area. The schedule data commonly
supplied as supporting details includes:
Resource requirement by time period, frequently in the category of histogram
Alternative schedules, such as best case or worst case, or resource leveled, with or without imposed
Scheduling of contingency reserves
Answer option D is incorrect. Schedule milestones are part of the schedule data.
Answer option B is incorrect. Schedule activities are part of the schedule data.
Answer option C is incorrect. Activity attributes are part of the schedule data.
Tom is the project manager of the GHQ Project for his organization and he is working on recovering
the project schedule. As Tom examines his schedule, he is especially aware of project activities with
hard logic. What is hard logic?
Explanation: Hard logic, also known as mandatory dependencies, describes activities that must be
completed in a particular order.
Hard logic is a binding connection between activities. It is also known as mandatory dependency or
hard dependency. Hard logic requires
activities to take place in a specific order according to the nature of work. It is a well-built connection
where an activity cannot start until and
unless a previous one is completed. There are also substantial hard logic connections where soft
logic does not usually apply. Several
activities rely on hard logic for the successful completion of the project.
Answer options B, A, and C are incorrect. These are not a valid description of hard logic.
You work as a project manager for BlueWell Inc. You are creating the activity list for the project. The
activity list is based on the work packages defined in the project's WBS. Activities provide a basis for
all of the following information except for which one?
Explanation: The project's scope baseline is not derived or provided by the project's activity list. The
scope baseline is made of the project's WBS, WBS
Dictionary, and the Project Scope Statement. The activity list provides for estimating, scheduling,
executing, and monitoring and controlling the
The scope baseline is an element of the project management plan. The contents of the scope
baseline include the following:
Project scope statement: It includes the product scope description and the project deliverables, and
defines the product user
WBS: It defines each deliverable and the decomposition of the deliverables into work packages.
WBS dictionary: It contains the detailed description of work and technical documentation for each
Answer option D is incorrect. Estimates do provide a basis for creating time and cost estimates.
Answer option B is incorrect. Activities are executed in the project.
Answer option C is incorrect. Activities are scheduled as part of project planning.